Indore is a tier 2 city, the largest city of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh by population. It serves as the headquarters of both Indore District and Indore Division. A central power city, Indore exerts a significant impact upon commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment and has been described as the commercial capital of the state. Located on the southern edge of Malwa Plateau, the city is located 190 km west of the state capital of Bhopal. With a Census-estimated 2011 population of 3,276,697 distributed over a land area of just (3,898 square kilometer)
Indore is the densely populated major city in the central province. The Indore Metropolitan Area's population is the state's largest, with 3.2 million people living there. It is the 9th largest city in India and 76th largest city in the world. Indore traces its roots to its 16th century founding as a trading hub between the Deccan and Delhi. The city and its surroundings came under Maratha Empire on 18 May 1724 after Maratha Peshwa assumed the full control of Malwa. During the days of the British Raj, Indore State was a 19 Gun Salute (21 locally) princely state (a rare high rank) ruled by the Maratha Holkar dynasty, until they acceded to the Union of India. Indore served as the capital of the Madhya Bharat from 1950 until 1956.
Due to its location in Central India (approx.76o E, 23o N) , far from the sea, Indore has a moderately extreme climate. Winter: In winter(November to February), the night low is around 10oC.At the peak of winter, it can be as low as low as 2 to 3oC. The record low is +1.5oC. summer : During Summer(April-June) the days are hot (35-40oC) with the peak summer (May) day temperature sometimes touching 45c. However , unlike other places in central India, the summer nights in Indore are something special. Due to its location on the southern edge of the Malwa Plateau, however hot it may be during the day, in the late evening, cool breeze starts which makes the evenings quite pleasant, referred to as Shab-e-Malwa. Rainfall: Indore gets moderate rainfall of 30-35 inches (~80cms) during July-September due to S. W. Monsoon.
Indore district consists of 5 Tehsils, Depalpur, Sanwer, Indore and Mhow. Number of Blocks in the district is 5 (consisting of 36 Police Stations). There are total 312 Panchayats and 622 villages in these 4 blocks , in urban areas 1 Nagar Palik Nigam , 9 Nagar Panchayat . Rojadi is one of them which are the first village in which every house has power cabel direct to the transformer. At present, after the delimitation of parliamentary and legislative assembly constituencies , there are nine Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Depalpur, Indore-1, Indore-2, Indore-3, Indore-4, Indore-5, Mhow , Rau,Sanwer
Wheat,Black Gram,Bengal Gram,Green Gram ,Lantil,Peas,Soyabean
Indore is served by the state of the art Devi Ahilyabai Holkar International Airport, about 8 km from the city. It is the busiest airport in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh and also serves as a hub for international cargo. The new integrated international terminal was inaugurated in February 2012. The airport has been operating services by Air India, Jet Airways Konnect, Jet Airways, IndiGo and Ventura AirConnect connecting Ahmedabad, Bhopal, Delhi, Hyderabad, Jabalpur, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, Pune, Raipur.The Indore airport has a history of its own. It was commissioned by the erstwhile ruler Yashwant Rao Holkar II. He gave the construction work of the Indore airport to the pioneers of civil aviation in India - Tata & Sons - in 1935. Indore was connected to New Delhi & Bombay (Mumbai) on 26 July 1946 and was handed over to the central government on 1 April 1950.
The Indore Junction is an A-1 grade railway station with a revenue of more than Rs. 50 crore(500 million). The City Railway Division comes under Ratlam Division of the Western Railways. Indore Junction BG is the main and terminal station on the broad gauge line connecting it to the rest of the country. In the Railway budget of 2009 Indore main railway station was listed for upgrade along with other 300 stations across India. Indore is directly connected to the metro cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, Lucknow, Kochi, Jaipur and other cities like Ahmedabad, Hyderabad, Trivandrum, Chandigarh, Kollam, Gorakhpur, Coimbatore, Calicut etc.It has both meter gauge and broad gauge in operational. Regular train services connect Indore to most parts of the country. Electrification of the Indore – Dewas – Ujjain is completed in June 2012.
Indore lies on the Indore and Akola metre gauge railway line, one of the remaining functional meter gauge line in India. Ratlam-Indore metre gauge to broad gauge conversion is almost completed. This section is scheduled for conversion to standard broad gauge under Indian Railways' projected Unigauge system.
Indore is connected to other parts of India through national and state highways. The major national highways passing through the city are:
• National Highway No. 3 (NH3 – Agra Bombay)
• National Highway No. 59 (Ahmedabad – Godhra - Indore)
• National Highway No. 59A (Indore – Betul – Nagpur connecting NH 69)
The Mumbai- Indore section of the National Highway No. 3 and the Ahmedabad – Indore section of the National Highway No. 59 are undergoing multi laning under the NHDP program.
Other important regional highways passing through the city are:
• State Highway No. 27 (Jhalawad - Ujjain - Burhanpur)
• State Highway No. 31 (Neemach - Ratlam - Dhar)
- Indore City Bus(AC)
Indore has a well developed transport system. Atal Indore City Transport Services Ltd, a PPP scheme operates buses and radio taxis in the city. The buses designated as City Bus operate on 36 Routes, with around 170 bus stop stations. The buses are color-coded according to their route.Indore BRTS(iBUS)
Indore BRTS is a bus rapid transit system with air-conditioned (AC) and non-AC buses. Some of these buses are also equipped with services like GPS and IVR which are used to track the position of the bus with information displayed on LED displays installed at the bus stops.